(Cambrai, France, 1872-Paris, 1936) French Aviator and engineer. Engineer by profession, was amassing a small fortune to design and sell various car accessories such as lamps and other accessories. After experimenting with sliders in 1900 designed a first prototype of an apparatus equipped with motor with a power of two horses, which successfully removed, although flight only traveled a few meters.
In 1906, in partnership with other pioneers and Levavasseur Voisin, Blériot IV built a biplane much more elaborate, however, failed to rise. Two years later introduced a queue on the Blériot VIII, a standard half ton of weight and an engine of forty horse achieved in October of uninterrupted travel route between the small towns of Toury and Artenay.
The result of this success was the Blériot XI, a monoplane with twenty-eight horses that on July 25, 1909, conducted the first flight with the engine from the French port of Calais to the British town of Dover, which became the first man who crossed the English Channel aboard an Air Self ingenuity. The feat, which toured the story world like wildfire, he won a prize of 1000 pounds issued by a British newspaper.
During the First World War contributed to the French war effort, first through prototypes based on their own designs, and later in collaboration with the aircraft factory Spade, whose aircraft were involved in the big air contest. Conflict ended, he founded his own aviation company and made numerous contributions to the development of civil aeronautics.